Verse 96:1

اِقۡرَاۡ بِاسۡمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِىۡ خَلَقَ​ۚ‏

Read! With the Name of your Lord Who created

Verse 96:2

خَلَقَ الۡاِنۡسَانَ مِنۡ عَلَقٍ​ۚ‏

Created man from a zygote. [And passed him through the embryonic stages 23:13- 14. Endowed him with perceptual and conceptual faculties 32:7-9. Gave him the free will 76:2-3, 90:8- 10. Distinguished him from the rest of the animal kingdom 47:12. For a comprehensive overview of man's creation from the very beginning, water and the inorganic matter, and onward please see 22:5]

Verse 96:3

اِقۡرَاۡ وَرَبُّكَ الۡاَكۡرَمُۙ‏

Read! For, your Lord is Most Generous. [He has blessed humans with the capacity to learn and teach]

Verse 96:4

الَّذِىۡ عَلَّمَ بِالۡقَلَمِۙ‏

Who has taught the use of the pen

Verse 96:5

عَلَّمَ الۡاِنۡسَانَ مَا لَمۡ يَعۡلَمۡؕ‏

Taught man what he knew not. [The Pen symbolizes the transmission and exchange of knowledge through written records, unique to man. Since this is a Divine gift to mankind, 'It is He Who taught.']

Verse 96:6

كَلَّاۤ اِنَّ الۡاِنۡسَانَ لَيَطۡغٰٓىۙ‏

Nay, man tries to play God! [Tagha = Trying to be supreme = Being a false god = Grossly overweening = Arrogance beyond limits = Creating rebellion = Trespassing Permanent Values. Taaghoot = A false god = Tyrant = Humans claiming Divine powers = Priesthood]

Verse 96:7

اَنۡ رَّاٰهُ اسۡتَغۡنٰىؕ‏

(And) in that he considers himself self-sufficient (forgetting how indebted he is to the Creator and the society for all his mental and physical resources.)

Verse 96:8

اِنَّ اِلٰى رَبِّكَ الرُّجۡعٰىؕ‏

Indeed, to your Lord is the return. [Everything that exists goes back to the Creator as its Source and is bound by His law. All people will be returned to Him for Judgment. Mankind will eventually return to the Divinely Ordained System of Life]

Verse 96:9

اَرَءَيۡتَ الَّذِىۡ يَنۡهٰىؕ‏

Have you seen the kind of man who forbids

Verse 96:10

عَبۡدًا اِذَا صَلّٰىؕ‏

A servant when he follows the Divine Commands?

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