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Verse 39:1

تَنۡزِيۡلُ الۡكِتٰبِ مِنَ اللّٰهِ الۡعَزِيۡزِ الۡحَكِيۡمِ‏

The revelation of this Book issues from God, the Almighty, the Wise

Verse 39:2

اِنَّاۤ اَنۡزَلۡنَاۤ اِلَيۡكَ الۡكِتٰبَ بِالۡحَقِّ فَاعۡبُدِ اللّٰهَ مُخۡلِصًا لَّهُ الدِّيۡنَ ؕ‏

We have revealed this Book to you (O Prophet) setting forth the truth. Therefore, serve God sincere in your faith in Him alone.

Verse 39:3

اَلَا لِلّٰهِ الدِّيۡنُ الۡخَالِصُ​ ؕ وَالَّذِيۡنَ اتَّخَذُوۡا مِنۡ دُوۡنِهٖۤ اَوۡلِيَآءَ​ ۘ مَا نَعۡبُدُهُمۡ اِلَّا لِيُقَرِّبُوۡنَاۤ اِلَى اللّٰهِ زُلۡفٰى ؕ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ يَحۡكُمُ بَيۡنَهُمۡ فِىۡ مَا هُمۡ فِيۡهِ يَخۡتَلِفُوۡنَ ؕ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ لَا يَهۡدِىۡ مَنۡ هُوَ كٰذِبٌ كَفَّارٌ‏

Proclaim that pure Religion is for God alone. And yet, those who take patrons besides Him say, "We worship them so that they may bring us near to God." God will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. God does not guide any who is a stubborn liar and chooses to remain in denial. [4:88, 5:35, 10:18, 17:57]

Verse 39:4

لَوۡ اَرَادَ اللّٰهُ اَنۡ يَّـتَّخِذَ وَلَدًا لَّاصۡطَفٰى مِمَّا يَخۡلُقُ مَا يَشَآءُ​ ۙ سُبۡحٰنَهٗ​ ؕ هُوَ اللّٰهُ الۡوَاحِدُ الۡقَهَّارُ‏

And if God had willed to take to Himself a son, He could have chosen what He would out of what He has created. Infinite is He in His glory! He is God, the One, Supreme.

Verse 39:5

خَلَقَ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالۡاَرۡضَ بِالۡحَقِّ​ ۚ يُكَوِّرُ الَّيۡلَ عَلَى النَّهَارِ وَيُكَوِّرُ النَّهَارَ عَلَى الَّيۡلِ وَسَخَّرَ الشَّمۡسَ وَالۡقَمَرَ​ؕ كُلٌّ يَّجۡرِىۡ لِاَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى​ؕ اَلَا هُوَ الۡعَزِيۡزُ الۡغَفَّارُ‏

He is the One Who has created the heavens and earth with a definite purpose. He rolls the night over the day, and rolls the day over the night. And He has subjected the sun and the moon, each running along its course for a term appointed. Is He not the Almighty, the Absolver of Imperfections? [Yukawwir = "He rolls" comes from the word Kurah = Ball. In 79:30 an additional point is given that the earth has its north and south poles compressed. This was unknown and even impossible to know in the 7th century.

Verse 39:6

خَلَقَكُمۡ مِّنۡ نَّفۡسٍ وَّاحِدَةٍ ثُمَّ جَعَلَ مِنۡهَا زَوۡجَهَا وَاَنۡزَلَ لَـكُمۡ مِّنَ الۡاَنۡعَامِ ثَمٰنِيَةَ اَزۡوَاجٍ​ ؕ يَخۡلُقُكُمۡ فِىۡ بُطُوۡنِ اُمَّهٰتِكُمۡ خَلۡقًا مِّنۡۢ بَعۡدِ خَلۡقٍ فِىۡ ظُلُمٰتٍ ثَلٰثٍ​ ؕ ذٰ لِكُمُ اللّٰهُ رَبُّكُمۡ لَهُ الۡمُلۡكُ​ ؕ لَاۤ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا هُوَ​ ۚ فَاَ نّٰى تُصۡرَفُوۡنَ‏

He has created you all out of one living entity (from a single life cell) - and fashioned similarly its mate, male and female (6:99). And He has bestowed upon you livestock of eight kinds in pairs. (Sheep, goat, camel, cow - male and female, the common permissible livestock 6:144-146). He creates you in the bellies of your mothers, creation after creation, in threefold depths of darkness (the abdominal wall, the uterine wall and the embryonic sac). Such is God, your Lord! Unto Him belongs the Kingdom. There is no god but He. How, then, can you sway like errant winds! [With modern science in mind, we can understand the livestock sentence as eight organisms in pairs (Two strands of DNA held together in the early stages of conception, four for DNA and four for RNA). Nafs = Self, Mind, Psyche, Soul, Human being, Living entity, Person, Humankind, Essence of life, Personality, Mental faculty, Ego, I, Me, I-am-ness, Personal identity, Animate object. Nafsinwwaahidah = A single life-cell. Minha zawjaha = Mate out of its own kind = Mate, male and female = Companions very much alike = Similar in essence. 49:13]

Verse 39:7

اِنۡ تَكۡفُرُوۡا فَاِنَّ اللّٰهَ غَنِىٌّ عَنۡكُمۡ​ وَلَا يَرۡضٰى لِعِبَادِهِ الۡـكُفۡرَ​ ۚ وَاِنۡ تَشۡكُرُوۡا يَرۡضَهُ لَـكُمۡ​ ؕ وَلَا تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِّزۡرَ اُخۡرٰى​ ؕ ثُمَّ اِلٰى رَبِّكُمۡ مَّرۡجِعُكُمۡ فَيُنَبِّئُكُمۡ بِمَا كُنۡتُمۡ تَعۡمَلُوۡنَ​ ؕ اِنَّهٗ عَلِيۡمٌۢ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُوۡرِ‏

If you are ungrateful, God is in no need of you. He does not like ingratitude from His servants. And if you are grateful, He is pleased with you. No laden one will bear the burden of another. Ultimately, to your Lord is your return. Then He will inform you of what you accomplished (in this life). Surely, He is Knower of what is in the hearts. [6:164, 53:38-39, 65:7]

Verse 39:8

وَاِذَا مَسَّ الۡاِنۡسَانَ ضُرٌّ دَعَا رَبَّهٗ مُنِيۡبًا اِلَيۡهِ ثُمَّ اِذَا خَوَّلَهٗ نِعۡمَةً مِّنۡهُ نَسِىَ مَا كَانَ يَدۡعُوۡۤا اِلَيۡهِ مِنۡ قَبۡلُ وَجَعَلَ لِلّٰهِ اَنۡدَادًا لِّيُـضِلَّ عَنۡ سَبِيۡلِهٖ​ ؕ قُلۡ تَمَتَّعۡ بِكُفۡرِكَ قَلِيۡلًا ​ۖ  اِنَّكَ مِنۡ اَصۡحٰبِ النَّارِ‏

When some trouble touches the humans, they call upon their Lord turning to Him in humility. But as soon as He bestows a blessing upon them from Himself, they forget what they called for before, and they choose "rivals" to God, thus misleading others from His path. Say, "Enjoy your disbelief for a little while. You are among the dwellers of the fire." [Choosing rivals: So and so was saved by a saint, clergy, diviner, magic, amulet etc. Insaan = Human being, is usually translated here as man and then the verse is rendered in third person singular. But Insaan includes men and women, therefore, my rendition in third person plural]

Verse 39:9

اَمَّنۡ هُوَ قَانِتٌ اٰنَآءَ الَّيۡلِ سَاجِدًا وَّقَآٮِٕمًا يَّحۡذَرُ الۡاٰخِرَةَ وَيَرۡجُوۡا رَحۡمَةَ رَبِّهٖ​ؕ قُلۡ هَلۡ يَسۡتَوِى الَّذِيۡنَ يَعۡلَمُوۡنَ وَالَّذِيۡنَ لَا يَعۡلَمُوۡنَ​ؕ اِنَّمَا يَتَذَكَّرُ اُولُوا الۡاَلۡبَابِ‏

Is it not better to be one of those who are humble, adoring Him, even in the hours of the night, and sitting, standing, keeping in mind the life to come, and hoping for his Lord"s grace? Say, "Are those who know (that that the "self" can evolve) equal to those who do not know?" But, only those who develop their insight will take this to heart

Verse 39:10

قُلۡ يٰعِبَادِ الَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوا اتَّقُوۡا رَبَّكُمۡ​ ؕ لِلَّذِيۡنَ اَحۡسَنُوۡا فِىۡ هٰذِهِ الدُّنۡيَا حَسَنَةٌ ​ ؕ وَاَرۡضُ اللّٰهِ وَاسِعَةٌ ​ ؕ اِنَّمَا يُوَفَّى الصّٰبِرُوۡنَ اَجۡرَهُمۡ بِغَيۡرِ حِسَابٍ‏

Say (thus speaks God) "O You servants of Mine who have attained belief! Be mindful of your Lord. Good is the reward for those who do good in this world, and spacious is God"s earth. The steadfast will be given their reward in full, beyond count."

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