Verse 30:1

الٓمّٓ ۚ‏

A.L.M. Alif-Laam-Meem. (Allah, Lateef the Unfathomable, Majeed the Magnificent, states that),

Verse 30:2

غُلِبَتِ الرُّوۡمُۙ‏

The Romans have been defeated,

Verse 30:3

فِىۡۤ اَدۡنَى الۡاَرۡضِ وَهُمۡ مِّنۡۢ بَعۡدِ غَلَبِهِمۡ سَيَغۡلِبُوۡنَۙ‏

In the nearby and the lowest land on earth. Yet, despite this defeat, they shall be victorious. ['Al-Ardhil Adna' = The lowest and nearby lands. The Dead Sea area is the lowest land on earth. Byzantine Romans were defeated at the hands of the Persians in the nearby lands of Syria-Palestine-Egypt, including, most crucially, in the Battle of the Dead Sea region, in 613-615 CE. The war between the two super powers of the times carried on from 603 To 624 CE. Muhammad (S) had been commissioned as a Prophet in 610 CE]

Verse 30:4

فِىۡ بِضۡعِ سِنِيۡنَ ؕ لِلّٰهِ الۡاَمۡرُ مِنۡ قَبۡلُ وَمِنۡۢ بَعۡدُ ؕ وَيَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ يَّفۡرَحُ الۡمُؤۡمِنُوۡنَ ۙ‏

Within ten years! God's is the command in the past and in the future. On that day the believers too will have cause to rejoice. [The believers were victorious against the much stronger Makkans bent upon annihilating them at the most crucial battle of all history, the Battle of Badr near Madinah, in 624 CE. This was exactly the time when the Byzantine Romans soundly defeated the Persians]

Verse 30:5

بِنَصۡرِ اللّٰهِ​ؕ يَنۡصُرُ مَنۡ يَّشَآءُ ؕ وَهُوَ الۡعَزِيۡزُ الرَّحِيۡمُۙ‏ 

By God's Help. For, He gives victory according to His laws. And He is Exalted in Might, Most Merciful.

Verse 30:6

وَعۡدَ اللّٰهِ​ؕ لَا يُخۡلِفُ اللّٰهُ وَعۡدَهٗ وَلٰـكِنَّ اَكۡثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعۡلَمُوۡنَ‏

This is God's promise. God never fails to fulfill His promise. But most people do not know (that His laws never change).

Verse 30:7

يَعۡلَمُوۡنَ ظَاهِرًا مِّنَ الۡحَيٰوةِ الدُّنۡيَا ​ۖۚ وَهُمۡ عَنِ الۡاٰخِرَةِ هُمۡ غٰفِلُوۡنَ‏

They know and care only about the apparent instant gratifications of the life of this world, and remain oblivious to the Eternal life to come.

Verse 30:8

اَوَلَمۡ يَتَفَكَّرُوۡا فِىۡۤ اَنۡفُسِهِمۡ مَا خَلَقَ اللّٰهُ السَّمٰوٰتِ وَالۡاَرۡضَ وَمَا بَيۡنَهُمَاۤ اِلَّا بِالۡحَقِّ وَاَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى​ؕ وَ اِنَّ كَثِيۡرًا مِّنَ النَّاسِ بِلِقَآئِ رَبِّهِمۡ لَـكٰفِرُوۡنَ‏

Do they not reflect on themselves? God has not created the heavens and earth, and all that is between them, but for a specific purpose and for an appointed term. Yet, a great many people deny that they are destined to meet their Lord.

Verse 30:9

اَوَلَمۡ يَسِيۡرُوۡا فِى الۡاَرۡضِ فَيَنۡظُرُوۡا كَيۡفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الَّذِيۡنَ مِنۡ قَبۡلِهِمۡ​ؕ كَانُوۡۤا اَشَدَّ مِنۡهُمۡ قُوَّةً وَّاَثَارُوا الۡاَرۡضَ وَعَمَرُوۡهَاۤ اَكۡثَرَ مِمَّا عَمَرُوۡهَا وَجَآءَتۡهُمۡ رُسُلُهُمۡ بِالۡبَيِّنٰتِ​ ؕ فَمَا كَانَ اللّٰهُ لِيَظۡلِمَهُمۡ وَلٰـكِنۡ كَانُوۡۤا اَنۡفُسَهُمۡ يَظۡلِمُوۡنَ ؕ‏

(Reflecting on your own existence, the Universe, and on history can show you the truth.) Have they not, then, traveled in the land and seen what happened in the end to those who lived before them? They were more powerful than these are, and they left a stronger impact on the earth, and built it up better than these are doing. And to them came their Messengers with all evidence of the truth. It was not God Who wronged them, but it was they who used to wrong their own 'self'. [35:44, 40:21]

Verse 30:10

ثُمَّ كَانَ عَاقِبَةَ الَّذِيۡنَ اَسَآءُوا السُّوۡٓآٰى اَنۡ كَذَّبُوۡا بِاٰيٰتِ اللّٰهِ وَكَانُوۡا بِهَا يَسۡتَهۡزِءُوۡنَ‏

Then, evil was the end of those who did evil, because they denied the revelations of God and ridiculed them.

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