Verse 17:11

وَيَدۡعُ الۡاِنۡسَانُ بِالشَّرِّ دُعَآءَهٗ بِالۡخَيۡرِ​ ؕ وَكَانَ الۡاِنۡسَانُ عَجُوۡلًا‏

Man asks for what is evil for him as he prays for the good. Man is prone to be hasty in judgment.

Verse 17:12

وَجَعَلۡنَا الَّيۡلَ وَالنَّهَارَ اٰيَتَيۡنِ​ فَمَحَوۡنَاۤ اٰيَةَ الَّيۡلِ وَجَعَلۡنَاۤ اٰيَةَ النَّهَارِ مُبۡصِرَةً لِّتَبۡتَغُوۡا فَضۡلًا مِّنۡ رَّبِّكُمۡ وَلِتَعۡلَمُوۡا عَدَدَ السِّنِيۡنَ وَالۡحِسَابَ​ؕ وَكُلَّ شَىۡءٍ فَصَّلۡنٰهُ تَفۡصِيۡلًا‏ 

(Right and wrong have been made distinct as day and night.) We have appointed the Night and the Day as two of Our signs. The sign of the Night We have made darkness while the sign of the Day we have made sight-giving so that you may seek the bounty from your Lord, and be aware of the numbers and counting of years. Thus, We have explained all things in detail. [6:97, 10:5. Reckon every day, month and year to see what you have gained and lost in your self-development]

Verse 17:13

وَكُلَّ اِنۡسَانٍ اَلۡزَمۡنٰهُ طٰۤٮِٕرَهٗ فِىۡ عُنُقِهٖ​ؕ وَنُخۡرِجُ لَهٗ يَوۡمَ الۡقِيٰمَةِ كِتٰبًا يَّلۡقٰٮهُ مَنۡشُوۡرًا‏

All deeds of the humans are instantly recorded on their own 'self', as if the record book is fastened to their own necks. And We shall bring forth this record book wide open to them on the Day of Resurrection.

Verse 17:14

اِقۡرَاۡ كِتٰبَك َؕ كَفٰى بِنَفۡسِكَ الۡيَوۡمَ عَلَيۡكَ حَسِيۡبًا ؕ‏

Read your book! You are a sufficient auditor for yourself this Day.'

Verse 17:15

مَنِ اهۡتَدٰى فَاِنَّمَا يَهۡتَدِىۡ لِنَفۡسِهٖ ​ۚ وَمَنۡ ضَلَّ فَاِنَّمَا يَضِلُّ عَلَيۡهَا​ ؕ وَلَا تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِّزۡرَ اُخۡرٰى​ ؕ وَمَا كُنَّا مُعَذِّبِيۡنَ حَتّٰى نَبۡعَثَ رَسُوۡلًا‏

So, whoever goes right, does it for his own 'self', and whoever strays, strays against his own 'self'. No person bears the load of another. And We never punish any people until We have sent a Messenger. [The Eternal Messenger now is the Qur'an]

Verse 17:16

وَاِذَاۤ اَرَدۡنَاۤ اَنۡ نُّهۡلِكَ قَرۡيَةً اَمَرۡنَا مُتۡرَفِيۡهَا فَفَسَقُوۡا فِيۡهَا فَحَقَّ عَلَيۡهَا الۡقَوۡلُ فَدَمَّرۡنٰهَا تَدۡمِيۡرًا‏

(Here is the Divine Law of Requital for communities.) When We decide to destroy a town or community, We command its rich leaders (to do good but) they drift out of discipline considering themselves above law. Then the sentence is passed against them and We annihilate them completely. ['Dammar' = To flatten with a road-roller. The leaders and the public are left blaming one another. 7:38, 10:28, 14:21, 16:86]

Verse 17:17

وَكَمۡ اَهۡلَكۡنَا مِنَ الۡقُرُوۡنِ مِنۡۢ بَعۡدِ نُوۡحٍ​ؕ وَكَفٰى بِرَبِّكَ بِذُنُوۡبِ عِبَادِهٖ خَبِيۡرًۢا بَصِيۡرًا‏

How many generations has Our law annihilated since Noah! God suffices as the Knower and Beholder of what causes His servants to trail behind.

Verse 17:18

مَنۡ كَانَ يُرِيۡدُ الۡعَاجِلَةَ عَجَّلۡنَا لَهٗ فِيۡهَا مَا نَشَآءُ لِمَنۡ نُّرِيۡدُ ثُمَّ جَعَلۡنَا لَهٗ جَهَنَّمَ​ۚ يَصۡلٰٮهَا مَذۡمُوۡمًا مَّدۡحُوۡرًا‏ 

Those who desire only the quick gains of this life, We readily grant them from it according to Our laws, to those whom We will. In the end, We have appointed for them Hell. They will endure its heat, condemned and rejected. [2:200, 11:15-16]

Verse 17:19

وَمَنۡ اَرَادَ الۡاٰخِرَةَ وَسَعٰى لَهَا سَعۡيَهَا وَهُوَ مُؤۡمِنٌ فَاُولٰۤٮِٕكَ كَانَ سَعۡيُهُمۡ مَّشۡكُوۡرًا‏

And the one who keeps the life to come in view and strives for it as best as he can, provided he is a true believer; the endeavor of every such person will be accepted. [2:201]

Verse 17:20

كُلًّا نُّمِدُّ هٰٓؤُلَاۤءِ وَهٰٓؤُلَاۤءِ مِنۡ عَطَآءِ رَبِّكَ​ ؕ وَمَا كَانَ عَطَآءُ رَبِّكَ مَحۡظُوۡرًا‏

All, these as well as those, We bestow on them some of your Lord's gifts since your Lord's giving is not confined. [42:20]

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